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Famous for being called the "Pearl of the Mediterranean,” the captivating Alexandria will fascinate you with cultural streets & fine heritage evident in every corner, creates an overall tranquil ambiance, crowning Egypt’s second largest city, and busy port. With almost every street unfolding with historical sights, newly renovated hotels, and an extended sea shore bustling with visitors all year round, it's a mix between history and modernity. Alexandria is a must see city, where visiting in its mild winter is as beautiful as its sunny summer. Although very little remains of the old city, Alexandria still retains its Mediterranean ambience and old European residence houses, combined with old cafes and Greco Roman monuments.
Alexandria was founded around a small pharaonic town in 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important centre of the Greek civilization and remained the capital of Greek and Roman & Byzantine Egypt for almost one thousand years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641 (when a new capital was founded at Fustat, later absorbed into Cairo). Alexandria radiated its knowledge to the entire world. Ptolemy Alexander’s successor, succeeded in making the lively city the center of the ancient World’s attention, by founding a prominent Mathematics University, and a library, which soon became the greatest and most comprehensive library in the world. Ever since, Greek science flourished in Alexandria, uncovering breakthrough discoveries, such as calculating the earth’s circumference. Greek Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world; now replaced by a modern one); and the Necropolis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. And the love story taken place between Cleopatra & Antony. Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.
Alexandria is the second largest city & second capital of Egypt (far from Cairo about 200 km to the northwest), with a population of 7 million, extends on no less than 70 km (44 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea from the north-western side of the Nile delta to Mariout Lake in the east. The coast is dotted with beautiful bays and harbours, such as Abu-Qir and the crescent-shaped Alexandrian Eastern Harbour which is overlooked by the majestic Qaitbay Fortress. It is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. 
The beauty and cosmopolitanism of Alexandria inspired great authors such as the British novelist E.M. Forster, the Greek poet Constantine Cavafy who respectively lived in Alexandria in the early and late 19th century, and Lawrence Durrell who lived and wrote about the city during World War II.
Although the number of historical sites is limited in Alexandria comparing to those in Cairo or Luxor, but it's considered to be the most attractive city in Egypt for its nice weather, long coastline of white sand and blue water, the beautiful buildings and the friendly people.

What to see?
*Qaitbey’s Fort (also known as Qaitbay's Citadel):
The gates of medieval architecture can be widely open to you by simply paying a visit to Qaitbey’s labyrinth Citadel, crowing the cornich’s tip. The fort design is influenced by that of the ancient light house (built in its site), and is best when visited at sunset, as waves tend to crash on the fort’s foot, and small fishing boats surround the area, creating an artistic canvas, calling to be photographed.
*Bibliotheca Alexandrina: The Royal Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was once the largest library in the world. It is generally thought to have been founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BCE, during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt. It was likely created after his father had built what would become the first part of the Library complex, the temple of the Muses—the Museion, Greek Μουσείον (from which the modern English word museum is derived).
It has been reasonably established that the Library, or parts of the collection, were destroyed by fire on a number of occasions (library fires were common and replacement of handwritten manuscripts was very difficult, expensive, and time-consuming). To this day the details of the destruction (or destructions) remain a lively source of controversy. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina was inaugurated in 2003 near the site of the old Library.

*The New Library of Alexandria: the New Bibliotheca Alexandrina is dedicated to recapture the spirit of openness and scholarship of the original Bibliotheca Alexandrina. It is much more than a library. It contains:
* A Library that can hold millions of books.
* An Internet Archive
* Six specialized libraries for

1 - Arts, multimedia and audio-visual materials.
2 - The visually impaired.
3 – Children.
4 - The youth.
5 – Microforms.
6 - Rare books and special collections

* Four Museums for 
1 – Antiquities.
2 – Manuscripts.
3 - Sadat personal staff.
4 - The History of Science.

* A Planetarium
An Exploratorium for children’s exposure to science (ALEXploratorium)
* Culturama: a cultural panorama over nine screens, the first ever patented 9-projector interactive system. Winner of many awards, the Culturama, developed by CULTNAT, allows the presentation of a wealth of data layers, where the presenter can click on an item and go to a new level of detail. It is a remarkably informative and attractive multi-media presentation of Egypt’s heritage across 5000 years of history to these modern times, with highlights and examples of Ancient Egyptian and Coptic/Muslim heritage.

The Greco Roman Museum: Housing remaining pieces of the ancient light house, as well as rare Greek and Roman collections of over 40,000 relics, makes this museum an essential stop.

Pompey's Pillar: Over 25 meters high, stands the most prominent granite Greek pillar in Alexandria, built in 297 AD in honor of Emperor Diocletian.

Climate:
The temperate Mediterranean climate in Alexandria insures cooler summers and warmer winters than in other parts of Egypt. While winters are mostly rainy with temperatures ranging between 10 and 20°C, summers are renowned for the refreshing sea breeze, with temperatures between 22 and 34°C.

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